How to evaluate the distribution of a Linux system?

uname -a

Nope, try the following

b96123@linux10 [~] lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Debian
Description:    Debian GNU/Linux unstable (sid)
Release:        unstable
Codename:       sid
b96123@linux10 [~]

What is LSB?

The goal of the LSB is to develop and promote a set of standards that will increase compatibility among Linux distributions and enable software applications to run on any compliant system. In addition, the LSB will help coordinate efforts to recruit software vendors to port and write products for Linux.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_Standard_Base

Evaluate kernel version

b96123@linux10 [~] uname -a
Linux linux10 2.6.24-1-amd64 #1 SMP Mon Feb 11 13:47:43 UTC 2008 x86_64 GNU/Linux
b96123@linux10 [~]



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